HMRC have recently updated their guidance to employers whose employees are working in the EU or Switzerland.
If a worker leaves the UK to work in the EU or Switzerland they will only pay into one country’s social security scheme at a time. They will usually pay social security contributions in the country they are working in. Employers’ liability to pay social security contributions follows the liability of the employee concerned.
The UK has social security agreements with the EU and Switzerland. National Insurance continues to be payable in the UK but not the other country if HMRC has issued the relevant certificate. The reason for applying for the certificate is that UK National Insurance Contributions are generally lower than the Social Security costs in most European countries.
The certificate can be used as evidence that the worker does not need to pay social security contributions in the country they are working in, and generally applies for up to 2 years.
The individual or their employer should apply for a certificate. Use the form below to apply for a certificate of continuing liability. You can apply if the non-UK country has a social security agreement with the UK and you’re:
- An employer sending employees to work temporarily.
- Self-employed in the UK and will be self-employed in that country.
There are similar procedures for individuals working in Iceland, Liechtenstein, or Norway.
HMRC have also updated their guidance on workers from the above countries coming to the UK. The guidance helps workers and employers check if they should pay National Insurance in the UK or social security contributions in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, or Switzerland.
Should you need more help, please do not hesitate to get in touch.